On certain platforms, if a user has more than 16 groups, the
nix::unistd::getgrouplist function will call the libc
function with a length parameter greater than the size of the buffer it
provides, resulting in an out-of-bounds write and memory corruption.
getgrouplist function takes an in/out parameter
specifying the size of the group buffer. When the buffer is too small to
hold all of the reqested user's group memberships, some libc
implementations, including glibc and Solaris libc, will modify
to indicate the actual number of groups for the user, in addition to
returning an error. The version of
nix::unistd::getgrouplist in nix
0.16.0 and up will resize the buffer to twice its size, but will not
read or modify the
ngroups variable. Thus, if the user has more than
twice as many groups as the initial buffer size of 8, the next call to
getgrouplist will then write past the end of the buffer.
The issue would require editing /etc/groups to exploit, which is usually only editable by the root user.